A cola refers to the central flower cluster of buds that form and grow tightly together at the very crown of the cannabis plant. Smaller colas grow along the mature female cannabis plant’s large branches and main stems, in addition to the main cola (also called the apical bud).

What does Cola mean?

All colas are composed of teardrop-shaped, tightly woven buds that may grow 24 inches or taller indoors. They are the prime location for a high active resin concentration, and so it’s common to see the shine and size of colas showcased in photos to highlight the potency of a crop.

Cola: Usage and Meaning


  • “I thought that Critical Mass cola was as big as my fist.”
  • “She threw down her money on a quarter-ounce cola that was glossy, frosty—nice enough to ignore the stem, though? I don’t know.”
  • “Certain strains of cannabis have colas with a purple sheen to them.”

The Anatomy of a Cannabis Cola

Typically, untrained female cannabis plants take a pear shape, reaching the flowering phase with most of growth focused upward in a central stem. To encourage more equally-sized colas to grow throughout the plant, growers train female cannabis plants so that they enter the flowering phase with multiple budding sites instead.

Training cannabis plants involves increasing the distance between nodes, the points where branches and leaves intersect and sprout off from the main stem, to avoid the production of one massive cola. Although it may appear to be one massive structure, the cola is actually a bundle of many smaller buds that have matured along the upper stem surrounded by sugar leaves, all rich and coated in trichomes. One larger stem passes through the middle of the bigger colas.

Some of the techniques cultivators use to train cannabis plants and avoid growing massive colas include: trellising, pruning, Sea of Green, Screen of Green (SCROG), and others that aim to even out growth between the branches and the main stem. Evening up light distribution can assist in this process.

Cola Definition
Scroll to Top